Find the legal acts that use the concept of "foreign economic activities", "foreign trade". Based on this, specify, what are the differences between these concepts and expand the concept of "foreign economic activities"
The capacity of any Russian officials including the possibility of foreign trade activities without a license? Imposed any special requirements for the founding documents of Russian legal entities wishing to engage in foreign trade activities? What are the specifics of individual organizational-legal forms of Russian legal entities?
Give the concept of currency regulation. Identify the authorities that are entitled to carry out foreign exchange regulation.
What are the requirements of the Russian legislation in the form of foreign trade transactions? Are the rules of the relevant rules of the Civil Code of the need notarization or state registration of the transaction, if the transaction is, in addition, is a foreign trade?
Specify what the terms "Incoterms 2000" should not be used for sea transport?
What is the difference between the concepts of "arbitral tribunal" and "court of arbitration"? What are the characteristics of use of those terms in contracts with foreign partners?
The contract for the export of equipment
Russian companies and companies from Germany have signed an agreement for the supply of used cars in Russia in the amount of 1,000. The agreement was signed 01.01.2002. Delivery date defined July 4, 2003. Basis of delivery: DDU Incoterms 2000, the port of St. Petersburg. Applicable elected Russian law. According to the Government of the Russian Federation to 4 July 2003 customs rate increased from 0.45 to 1.6 euros per cubic cm. Of engine volume. The decree was published on August 20, 2002.
In fact, the goods arrived in St. Petersburg July 4, 2003.
The buyer refused to accept the goods, as the thought that because of force majeure (act of the authorities), it can not fulfill the deal because it means do not allow him to pay for the goods and to pay increased by more than $ 100,000 the total amount of customs duties.
The seller appealed to the arbitration court demanding payment of the goods.
What will be the decision of the court?
January 20, 2000 the Russian bank (OAO Moscow) signed a loan agreement with the Italian company, by virtue of which the Italian company has provided a loan secured bank located in the territory of Russia (St. Petersburg) building. The contract was concluded in written form. Applicable elected Italian law. After receiving the loan the bank has concluded February 25, 2002 agreement with another Russian bank (LLC, Ekaterinbrug) for another loan, while in the software providing the same building. The pledge agreement between the Company and according to the norms of the Russian law was notarized and registered with the Department of Justice for state registration of rights to immovable property and transactions with it. The Italian company, having learned about it, filed a lawsuit against the Company and of recognition and a second transaction on mortgage invalid, since not allowed the subsequent secured by real property without the consent of the pledgee. Claimant to substantiate their claims rules of Italian law. Russian banks turned a counter claim for recognition of the invalidity of the original contract.
To resolve the dispute, determine the applicable law. Determine whether the courts had the right to hear the case on the merits, specify jurisdiction.